Our process provides bright and mat tin plating at 99.9% purity, compliant to ASTM B545 and MIL-T-10727. Depending on request, barrel, rack or brush plating on base metal as aluminum, brass, copper, steel and stainless steel can offer to meet your expectation.
Class A – 0.0001” (2.5 µm)
Class B – 0.0002” (5 µm)
Class C – 0.00032” (8 µm)
Class D – 0.0006” – 0.0008” (15 µm – 20 µm)
Class E – 0.0012” (30.5 µm)
Class F – 0.00006” (1.5 µm)
Class 1 – Electrodeposited (refer to ASTM B545)
Class 2 – Hot dipped
Our process provides bright and semi-bright silver plating at 99.9% purity, up to 0.004” (101.6 µm) of coating thickness compliant to ASTM B700 and QQ-S-365. Depending on request, barrel, rack or brush plating on base metal as aluminum, brass, copper, steel and stainless steel can offer to meet your expectation.
ASTM B700 Classification:
Type 1: 99.9% min
Grade B: Bright, obtained by brightener
Grade D: Semi-bright
Class N: Without tarnish resistant adding.
Class S: With tarnish resistant adding.
Minimum thickness guideline:
0.00004 (1 µm) For soldering.
0.0001 (2.5 µm) For contact connector.
0.0002 (5 µm) For thermocompression bonding and domestic hollowware.
0.0004 (10 µm) For medium-quality of thermocompression bonding and domestic hollowware.
0.0008 (20 µm) For high-quality of domestic hollowware and flatware.
0.0015 (40 µm) For severe wear resistance such as bearing, sliding and rotating electrical contact.
Our process provides bright electrodeposited copper plating compliant to MIL-C-14550. Depending on request, barrel or rack plating on base metal as aluminum, copper, brass, invar, kovar, steel, stainless steel and tellurium copper can offer to meet your expectation.
Copper is mostly used as an undercoating for other plated metals to obtain a better corrosion resistance and adhesion. To make it even more corrosion protective, nickel coating is added as a combination. It is also commonly found in industries as automotive, electronics and renewable energy because of his excellent electrical conductivity and heat transfer properties.
Copper is a highly active metal and easily tarnish, for this reason, coating of copper is mostly used as an undercoated.
MIL-C-14550 – Copper plating electrodeposited
Class 0 – 0.001 to 0.005 (75 to 127 µm): For heat treatment stop-off
Class 1 – 0.001 (75 µm): For carburizing and decarburizing shield and printed circuit board plated through holes or as specified on the engineering drawing.
Class 2 – 0.0005 (12.7 µm): As undercoating for nickel and other metals.
Class 3 – 0.0002 (5 µm): To prevent basis metal migration into tin layer to poison solderability.
Class 4 – 0.0001 (2.5 µm): Same as class 3
Our process provides bright and semi-bright electrodeposited nickel compliant to QQ-N-290, electroless nickel with medium and high phosphorus, compliant to ASTM B733 and MIL-C26074. Depending on request, barrel or rack plating on base metal as aluminum, brass, copper, steel and stainless steel can offer to meet your
Electroless nickel vs electrodeposited nickel:
Contrary to electrodeposited, electroless nickel is a chemical process without the use of electric current. There are the major differences between electrodeposited nickel and electroless nickel:
Electrodeposited and electroless nickel are widely used for protection against corrosion and abrasion/wear in the industries as automotive, aircraft, chemical, electronic, electric motor, mining, printing, power generation, pulp and paper, oil and gas, etc.
Because of the different choices and applications of the nickel coating, designer must be careful when choosing the kind of coating for the specific application.
Electrodeposited nickel (sulfate/chloride)
QQ-N-290 – Electrodeposited nickel plating on steel, copper and zinc (castings)
Class 1: Corrosion protective
Class 2: Engineering plating
Grade A: 0.0016 (40 µm)
Grade B: 0.0012 (30 µm)
Grade C: 0.0010 (25 µm)
Grade D: 0.0008 (20 µm)
Grade E: 0.0006 (15 µm)
Grade F: 0.0004 (10 µm)
Grade G: 0.0002 (5 µm)
Nickel-plating solutions and properties of deposit.
Composition:Nickel sulfate, Nickel chloride, boric acid
Vickers Hardness (100g load):150–280
Tensile Strength (MPa):480–720
ASTM B733 – Electroless nickel
Phosphorus contained on nickel coating:
Type IV: 5 to 9% – Medium phosphorus
Type V: 10% and above – High phosphorus
Post heat treatment class:
Class 1: As deposited, no heat treatment.
Class 2: Heat treatment at 260 to 400°C to produce the minimum hardness of 850 HK100
Type I: 260°C for 20h / 285°C for 16h / 320°C for 8h / 400°C – 1h
Type II: 350 to 380°C for 1h
Type III: 360 to 390°C for 1h
Type IV: 365 to 400°C for 1h
Type V: 375 to 400°C for 1h
Class 3: Heat treatment at 180 to 200°C for 2 to 4h to improve coating adhesion on steel and reduce the risk of Hydrogen embrittlement.
Class 4: Heat treatment at 120 to 130°C for 1 to 6h to increase adhesion of heat treatable for age hardened aluminum alloys and carburized steel.
Class 5: Heat treatment at 140 to 150°C for 1 to 2h to improve coating adhesion for aluminum, non-age hardened aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys.
Thickness coating requirements for service condition:
SC0 (minimum thickness): 0.000004 (0.1 µm)
SC1 (light service): 0.0002 (5 µm)
SC2 (mild service): 0.0005 (13 µm)
SC3 (moderate service): 0.001 (25 µm)
SC4 (severe service): 0.002 (75 µm)
Our process provides matte and bright gold plating Type compliant to MIL-G-45204. Depending on request, barrel or rack plating on base metal as aluminum, brass, copper, nickel and stainless steel can offer to meet your expectation.
Gold is the plating material with the best corrosion resistance and therefore one of the most commonly used for high performance electrical contacts. The basic function of gold coating in electrical contacts is the protection against corrosion and fretting corrosion. For soldering, a thin high purify soft gold coating is preferred. A minimum thickness of 0.00005 inch (1.3 µm) and a maximum thickness of 0.0001 inch (2.5 µm) shall be plated.
The critical points with gold coating are the wear resistance and the materials cost.
MMIL-G-45204 – Gold Plating (Electrodeposited)
Type I – 99.7% gold min. (Grade A, B, C)
Type III – 99.9% gold min. (Grade A only)
Grade A – 90 Knoop max.
Grade B – 91-129 Knoop
Grade C – 130-200 Knoop
Grade D – 201 Knoop and over
Class 00 – .00002’’ min.
Class 0 – .00003’’ min.
Class 1 – .00005’’ min.
Class 2 – 00010’’ min.
Class 3 – 00020’’ min.
Class 4 – 00030’’ min.
Class 5 – 00050’’ min.
Class 6 – 00150’’ min.
Our process provides aluminum chromate conversion coatings compliant to MIL-DTL-5541 Type II, class 1A and 3. Depending on request, barrel or rack plating on base metal as aluminum and aluminum alloys can offer to meet your expectation.
Type I – Compositions containing hexavalent chromium for providing corrosion protection on unpainted products, as well as improve adhesion of paint finish systems on aluminum and aluminum alloys. The conversion coatings covered by this specification exceed commercially available products due to the nature of their use on aircraft.
Type II – Compositions containing no hexavalent chromium.
Class 1A – For maximum protection against corrosion, painted or unpainted on aluminum and aluminum alloys. Coatings of this type may be used, for example, on tanks, tubing, and component structures where paint finishes are not required for interior surfaces but are required for the exterior surfaces.
Class 3 – For protection against corrosion where low electrical resistance is required for electrical and electronic applications.
Thickness: Coating thickness is varied by immersion time. Generally, thickness can be obtained between 0.00001 to 0.00004 inches and it cannot measure by conventional method due to the extremely thin of chemical film coating. Class 3 coatings are more susceptible to corrosion because they are thinner than class 1A.
Our process provides passivation compliant to ASTM-A-967, method Nitric 2. Depending on request, barrel or rack plating on base metal as Stainless Steel can offer to meet your expectation. Passivation is a chemical treatment applied to stainless steel parts to provide resistance to oxidation, rusting and mild chemical attack. The table below show different base material with the passivation treatment required.
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|Grade||Nitric 1||Nitric 2||Nitric 3||Nitric 4|